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Realism and Naturalism Ms. Hamilton  

Last Updated: Mar 4, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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    In-Class Stories

    These are the stories you'll be studying in class.  Please don't use them for your project :-).

     "Go Down, Moses"
    "Follow the Drinking Gourd"
    "A Wagner Matinee"
    "The Open Boat"
    "To Build a Fire"
    "The Outcasts of Poker Flat"
    "The Celebrated Jumping Frog"
    "The Story of an Hour"


      What is Realism?

      Characteristics (from Richard Chase, The American Novel and Its Tradition)

      *Renders reality closely and in comprehensive detail.

      *Character is more important than action and plot; complex ethical choices are often the subject.

      *Characters appear with complex temperaments and motives; they are related to nature, to each other, to their social class, to their own past.

      Class structure is important.

       *Events will usually be real-life. Realistic novels avoid the sensational, dramatic elements of naturalistic novels and romances.

      Diction is natural vernacular, not heightened or poetic; tone may be comic, satiric, or matter-of-fact.

      Interior or psychological realism can be an element

      *  In Black and White Strangers, Kenneth Warren suggests thatin realism, "the redemption of the individual lay within the social world"  (75-76).

      Realism in Art

      The Agnew Clinic by Thomas Eakins

      Breezing Up (A Fair Wind), 1873-1876 by Winslow Homer

      Artistic works centered on the commonplace--lower class peasants and the urban working class, common people.  Winslow Homer once said of his method, "I paint it exactly as it appears."  French Realist Gustave Courbet may have said it better, "Everything that does not appear on the retina is outside the the domain of painting." 


        @your library

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        RRHS Library

        Major Writers of American Realism

        Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain)
        Bret Harte
        Ambrose Bierce
        William Dean Howells
        Henry James
        Edith Wharton
        Kate Chopin
        George Washington Cable
        Joel Chandler Harris
        Charles Chestnutt
        Paul Lawrence Dunbar (poetry)
        Hamlin Garland
        Sarah Orne Jewett
        Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
        Charlotte Perkins Gilman
        Jane Addams (autobiography)
        W.E.B. DuBois (essays)
        Booker T. Washington (autobiography)


          Research Resources

          ELACC.11-12.R.I.7 Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:  Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats...
          ELACC.11-12.W.7 Research to Build and Present Knowledge:  Conduct short as well as more sustained research...
          ELACC.11-12.W.8 Research to Build and Present Knowledge: Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital...
          ELACC.11-12.WE.9 Research to Build and Present Knowledge:  Draw evidence from literary or informational texts...
          ELACC.11-12.W9a Research to Build and Present Knowledge: Apply grades 11-12 Reading standards to literature...  

          Literary Center: available through GALILEO (pwd in agenda)
          Author biographies
          Literary analysis
          Work overviews 

          Internet Public Library Literary Criticism Links
          Literary Criticism and Authors by name and historical period


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